Feminist analysis of maternity care recommends woman-partner-midwife teamwork

teamwork baby

A feminist analysis of maternal healthcare from Sweden has recommended three-way teamwork between woman, partner and midwife.

Midwives should inform, involve and support partners. They should inform both the woman and her partner comprehensively throughout the process and listen when the partner speaks on the woman’s behalf.

The study examined the birthplans of 132 women in a city in northern Sweden. Women want autonomy, hence writing a birthplan to specify their preferences. But they also indicate they are greatly dependent on their partners, as spokesperson and supportive birth partner, and also as the one person who shares the birth experience.

“Keep my partner informed. It will be difficult for me to process information and make decisions.”

“Please tell or show my partner what to do to ease labour for me so that he feels included.”

“Please support my partner if things become too difficult for him, like if I’m, angry or rude to him when I’m in pain.”

“If I make it through vaginal birth I would like you to wash off the baby a little before putting it on my chest. My partner doesn’t like to see blood.”

“My partner also wants to be active and involved. I wish for you to be present in the delivery room as much as possible to support us.”

“You can support our teamwork by being sensitive to our needs and wishes, for instance knowing when to leave us alone and when to be close at hand.”


The authors argue that the transfer of birth into hospitals puts the woman in a weakened patient role, with medicalised care delivered by doctors. Despite Swedish midwives offering independent support to women during normal and uncomplicated pregnancy and labour, 99.9% of births in Sweden take place in hospital, and the rates of medical intervention are increasing, as in other Western countries.

Swedish women want to protect their autonomy in this environment by securing the active support of two people, their partner and their midwife.


Westergren A, Edin K, Walsh D & Christianson M (2019), Autonomous and dependent – the dichotomy of birth: A feminist analysis of birth plans in Sweden, Midwifery 68

Photo: Petter Duvander. Creative Commons.