A specific invitation to men to attend HIV services increases their participation by 50% (Malawi)

Malawi HIV

A randomized controlled trial in Blantyre, Malawi, found that a specific invitation to the men increased their attendance by 50%.

The trial involved 460 families, split into two equally sized groups. In the group that received invitations, 28% of men attended. In the control group, only 19% did.

Specifically inviting men to attend antenatal services is step 3 of the 10-point plan for father-inclusive practice that we recently published here.


Nyondo AL, Choko AT, Chimwaza AF, Muula AS (2015), Invitation Cards during Pregnancy Enhance Male Partner Involvement in Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in Blantyre, Malawi: A Randomized Controlled Open Label Trial, PLOS One

Photo: USAID. Creative Commons.